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Today's Medal of Honor Moment for 31 December

There are eight Medals awarded for actions on this day - a smidge below the average.  All are from the Civil War, and none are posthumous.

Civil War - one last Medal for the rescue operations during the sinking of USS Monitor, and seven Medals for actions at the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee, 1862.  This is also known as the Second Battle of  Murfreesboro.
FARQUHAR, JOHN M.

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 89th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: 6 August 1902. Citation: When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.

FOLLETT, JOSEPH L.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 1st Missouri Light Artillery. Place and date: At New Madrid, Mo., 3 March 1862; at Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Birth: Newark, N.J. Date of issue: 19 September 1890. Citation: At New Madrid, Mo., remained on duty though severely wounded. While procuring ammunition from the supply train at Stones River, Tenn., was captured, but made his escape, secured the ammunition, and in less than an hour from the time of his capture had the batteries supplied.

FREEMAN, HENRY B.

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Mount Vernon, Ohio. Birth: Mount Vernon, Ohio. Date of issue: 17 February 1894. Citation: Voluntarily went to the front and picked up and carried to a place of safety, under a heavy fire from the enemy, an acting field officer who had been wounded, and was about to fall into enemy hands.

PHISTERER, FREDERICK

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 18th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Medina County, Ohio. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1894. Citation: Voluntarily conveyed, under a heavy fire, information to the commander of a battalion of regular troops by which the battalion was saved from capture or annihilation.

PRENTICE, JOSEPH R.

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 19th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: ------. Born: 6 December 1838, Lancaster, Ohio. Date of issue: 3 February 1894. Citation: Voluntarily rescued the body of his commanding officer, who had fallen mortally wounded. He brought off the field his mortally wounded leader under direct and constant rifle fire.

VANCE, WILSON

Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 21st Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Hancock County, Ohio. Date of issue: 17 September 1897. Citation: Voluntarily and under a heavy fire, while his command was falling back, rescued a wounded and helpless comrade from death or capture.

WAGG, MAURICE

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, England. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Rhode Island, which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of the Monitor off Hatteras, 31 December 1862. Participating in the hazardous task of rescuing the officers and crew of the sinking Monitor, Wagg distinguished himself by meritorious conduct during this operation.

WHITEHEAD, JOHN M.

Rank and organization: Chaplain, 15th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Stones River, Tenn., 31 December 1862. Entered service at: Westville, Ind. Born: 6 March 1823, Wayne County, Ind. Date of issue: 4 April 1898. Citation: Went to the front during a desperate contest and unaided carried to the rear several wounded and helpless soldiers.
 
NB: Due to an error by the author, two Medals were included in this post which should have been listed on th 1 January post.  They have been removed and the post adjusted to account for the change.